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Revision as of 00:22, 8 February 2013 by Manifesto (Talk | contribs) (burning / checking the .iso image)

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Cette page reprends les différentes documentations de ce wiki telles que la présentation générale, l'installation ou l'utilisation de Sabayon Linux afin de donner une meilleure vue d'ensemble de Sabayon Linux.

Vous pouvez bookmarker cette page comme qui reprends les liens sur les autres pages

Configuration minimum

  • Live Environment - No 3D Desktop:
    • i686 CPU
    • 512 MB of RAM (1 GB recommandé)
    • Une carte graphique 2D
    • Un moniteur compatible DDC
    • clavier et souris
  • Live Environment - 3D Desktop:
    • i686 CPU (AMD K6 ou Intel Pentium II minimum)
    • minimum 512 MB of RAM (1 GB recommandé)
    • Une carte graphique 3D compatible OpenGL (généralement NVIDIA, ATI, Intel, VIA)
    • Un moniteur compatible DDC
    • clavier et souris
  • Installation:
Les configurations ci dessous sont à minima. Des sessions graphiques modernes ne peuvent en général être utilisée avec au moins 1GB. C'est particulièrement vrai si vous utilisez des programmes gourmands tels que firefox ou thunderbird
    • i686 Processor
    • minimum 512 MB of RAM (1 GB recommandé pour les effets visuels)
    • Carte video compatible OpenGL (généralement NVIDIA, ATI, Intel, VIA)
    • 20 GB de disque pour l'installation simple DVD. 30+ GB est vraiment recommandé.
    • 8 GB d'espace disque pour l'installation miniCD, 10+ GB is recommandé.
    • Connexion Internet (plus que recommandée mais pas indispensable)
    • Un moniteur compatible DDC
    • clavier et souris

Le live CD/DVD

Quelles Editions sont disponibles pour Sabayon Linux?

Le choix est la règle dans Sabayon, un grand nombre de saveurs sont disponibles.

Voici la liste des serveurs disponibles pour le téléchargement :

Les version principales en 32Bit (x86) or 64Bit (amd64) sont :

Les processeurs "amd64" ou Intel sont valides pour les versions 64bit
1. KDE
2. Gnome
5. XFCE 
6. Enlightenment

Tous les environement ci dessus sont complets.

7. CoreCDX

C'est un CD pour ceux qui veulent construire leur système à partir d'une configuration minimum. Il est orienté pour les utilisateurs avancés, disponible en 32/64bits et utilise le gestionnaire de fenetre Fluxbox.

Graver l'image .iso

Une erreur courante est d'essayer d'utiliser directement un fichier iso copié sur un CD pour installer l'OS. Ca ne fonctionne pas comme ca ! Il faut un logiciel de gravure de CD pour utiliser l'image ISO. Vous trouverez des instructions pour les logiciels Nero et ISorecorder.

Avec Nero vous n'avez qu'à choisir le l'image iso et graver, le logiciel s'occupe de tout.

Pour une solution gratuite vous pouvez télécharger free image burner.

isorecorder [1]. Downloadez et installer la version de votre "windows", cliquez bouton droit et graver (burn).

checking the integrity of the burned disc

Many people know they can check if a downloaded ISO file is OK by comparing the md5sum of the ISO file against the md5sum posted on the SL mirrors. For example:

# md5sum -c SabayonLinux-x86_64-3.4f.iso.md5
SabayonLinux-x86_64-3.4f.iso: OK

cf. the contents of which are: 645600788920443b372baae3544acffa SabayonLinux-x86_64-3.4f.iso

so the ISO I downloaded was good.

Remember - verify the MD5 sum for the version of Sabayon that you downloaded - they are all different. The MD5s can be found on the mirrors listed at:

But a different method is needed to verify the integrity of the LiveDVD/CD itself. You should select the verify written data checkbox in K3b before burning the DVD/CD, but if you forgot or still have doubts then the following method can be used to check the integrity of the burnt LiveDVD/CD:

If you only have Windows installed on your HDD, apparently you can use a Windows shareware application, see the following Web page for details:


1. I have not checked if the method for Windows on the above-mentioned Web page actually works, so use it at your own risk.

Under Linux:

Insert the LiveDVD into the optical drive, let the disc spin up and then enter the following three commands:

md5sum /dev/cdrom | awk '{print $1}' > md5a.txt
md5sum ~/Sabayon_Linux_8_amd64_K.iso | awk '{print $1}' > md5b.txt
diff -qs md5a.txt md5b.txt

(Obviously change the path and/or the ISO file name to match your circumstances.)

If you get an error message while the md5sum is reading the disc, there must be something wrong either with the burn or with the optical drive itself.

If you get the message "Files md5a.txt and md5b.txt differ" then the burn was bad.

If you get the message "Files md5a.txt and md5b.txt are identical" then the burn was good.

Passwords on live CD/DVD

  • The root password:

no password is required: just press the Enter key.

  • The sabayonuser password:

no password is required: just press the Enter key.

  • For older releases (version 6 and earlier) the password for Root is "root" (without the quotes) and the password for Sabayonuser is "sabayonuser" (without the quotes).

Visual walkthrough Booting process

Please see: Visual_Tour:_Boot-menu_Sabayon_LiveCD/DVD

When having a old NVidia card, and downloaded latest ISOs, chances are that they will not start the Window Manager/Desktop Environment (see the flavors above), but rather present you with a black screen.

There is nothing wrong with the ISOs, it is because "nvidia-drivers-304.64" or higher is installed by default.

You can bypass that by hitting ctrl-alt-f1, remove the nvidia-drivers, (nouveau is installed too), and restart xdm., as explained below:

Removing latest nvidia-drivers:

    # Press the "CTRL-ALT-F1" key combination.

"#" is just indicated that you have to be root, so do not include that with the actual commands...

# su
# equo remove nvidia-drivers --ask

Check that "x11-drivers/nvidia-drivers" got removed., nothing else... and confirm with "yes"

Restart XDM:

# /etc/init.d/xdm restart

For a overall view of which cards support what driver., please see:

The following visual tour will show you how to edit Xorg.conf: Visual_Tour:_Part_2_Editing_the_xorg.conf

Installing Sabayon

For a installation guide, step-by-step, please see: En:Introduction#Installation_Guide:_Step_by_Step

We also offer a visual walkthrough about installing Sabayon, please see: Visual_Tour:_Installing_Sabayon


When installing, Sabayon offers a standard partitioning scheme using LVM, and leaves Windows partitions untouched.

If you wish to manually partition, or add mountpoints, please see: HOWTO:_Manual_Partitioning_with_Sabayon_Linux

For GPT partitioning: HOWTO:_Install_Sabayon_with_GRUB2_and_GPT_on_a_New_System

Advice on the hostname:


Dual boot with Windows

If you want to Dual boot with Windows, or first need to reduce the size of the existing partitions, please see: HOWTO:_Dual_boot_Sabayon_Linux_and_Windows

Install the Gentoo way





boot parameters