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FAQs

Pertanyaan umum Sabayon Linux

Berdasarkan apakah Sabayon linux?

Sabayon Linux berdasarkan Gentoo GNU/Linux sistem. Gentoo adalah salah satu turunan distro linux (or distro)

Apakah sumber dasar distro?

banyak distros, seperti Ubuntu, Debian, Red Hat, Fedora Core, Suse, and ArkLinux, memakai binary packages untuk instalasi. dengan mudah, sebuah binary package adalah pre-compile program, compile di mesin lain dan terseedia untuk download dan instalasi di komputer lain.
sumber dasar distro adalah distro yang mengkompile dari sumber nya, daripada mengandalkan package lain. sumber dasar distro datang bersama code binary (pre-compile) packages dan program besar seperti openoffice-bin.

Mengapa sebaiknya saya memilih Sabayon Linux?

Ada dua keuntungan daripada disto Sabayon Linux.
pertama, distro berdasarkan sumber mempunyai package terlebih dahulu dibanding kan distro berdasarkan binary. ini sebab daripada mengcompile package dan mengetest di mesin yang lain, semua yang diperlukan seperti Sabayon Linux adalah file yang memberitahukan dimanakah sumber kode dan bagaimana mengkompile nya.
kedua, tidak bisa diragukan program mempunyai fiture yang tidak diperlukan, dan akan memakan memory serta memperlambat kinerja sistem. di binary distro, anda akan mempunyai masalah ini. di distro yang berdasrkan sumber nya, seperti Sabayon Linux, anda mempunyai pilihan untuk meng hapus fiture tersebut.

Apakah 3.4a sebuah versi alpha?

tidak. 3.4a adalah versi final

apakah itu 3.4e?

3.4e adalah bug fix yang di released pada August 2007. 'e' singkatan dari Entropy sedangkan 3.4e adalah release pertama yang berdasarkan Entropy chroot.

Apakah itu Pro Edition?

Sabayon Professional Edition adalah versi dari sumber yang stabil untuk bisnis. ia tidak mempunyai game maupun 3d accelerator untuk LiveDVD atau edisi mini.

Bagaimana cara membuat dekstop cube?

3d accelerator anda rusak tapi di live cd berjalan

dari teori kita bisa berkesimpulan apa yang kita lihat apa yang kita dapat. ketika anda install Sabayon Linux, kalau 3D desktop bekerja di saat livecd/dvd ia seharus nya berjalan juga setal anda melakukan instalasi . kita tahu bahwa dalam teori memang benar tetapi dalam praktek tidak selalu demikian; ini tidak bekerja. jadi apa yang bisa anda lakukan, anda bertanya tentang ini berjuta kali nya di#sabayon.

hal pertama yang anda perlu lakukan adalah pastikan md5sum telah tercek , ini membosankan. pastikan anda bakar cd anda dengan lambat dan verify. anda akan ditanyakan 2 pertanyaan tersebut, jadi tolong pastikan agar kami tida menghabiskan bandwith untuk hal yang sama. ini mungkin hal yang sepele untuk anda mengecek MD5SUM, tetapi tidak mengetahui iso anda benar membuat hal ini tak berarti. kita bisa menghabiskan waktu seminngu untik mencari solusi dengan tidak mengetahui kesalahan iso, astaga dan kita menghabiskan masa yang seharusnya hal sepele. denga MD5SUM yang gagal anda masih bisa memboot cd anda, tetapi akan mendapatkan masalah di lain hal. jadi ingat, karena ia dapat boot, bukan berarti iso itu bagus. bagaimana cara mengecek md5sum? beruntung untuk anda: How to verify md5sum and disk

ok jadi anda telah mengecek md5sum dan membakar cd dengat lambat serta verify. sekarang kita bisa meliat pada sisi lain, apakah anda mempunyai driver yang terbaru? itu hal pertama yang perlu diketahui.

pemilik kartu nvdia, link ini akan memhemat waktu anda dan frustasi anda. ya lain kartu mempunyai lain driver pula: http://gentoo-wiki.com/HOWTO_nVidia_Dri ... he_drivers kalaumasing membuat anda bertanya, lihat sini: http://gentoo-wiki.com/Masked

wiki kita juga memanda bagaimana mendapatkan driver ati dan nvdia, pakai informasi yang relevant: http://wiki.sabayonlinux.org/index.php? ... in_Sabayon

jadi anda telah double cek dan mempuyai driver terbaru dan telah restart x. bagaimana cara restart x?? dengan menekan ctrl+alt+backspace atau buka konsole / terminal dan ketik su - dan root password dan /etc/init.d/xdm restart --- kalau gagal reboot komputer.

kembali ke desktop, waktu untuk menjalankan Acceleration Manager, ini bisa dilakukan beberapa cara. bisa ditemukan Kmenu, tekan ke kmenu icon dan cari disana. saya lebih suka terminal jadi satya kana jelaskan.

buka konsole / terminal
tekan su
masukkan root password
tekan accel-manager
tunggu dan kotak dengan pilihan muncul, lakukan pilihan dengan kemampuan katu anda, dan restart X. kebanyakan orang lupa restart X setelah ini. ini akan bekerja, kalau tidak muncul kotak biru compiz fusion tekan alt+F2 dan tekan di fusion-icon untuk start the 3D world.

cara di atas akan bekerja untuk kebannyakan orang, dan mungkin tidak kepada anda kenapa? saya tidak tahu. lakukan penelitian ke /etc/X11/xorg.conf bisa biasa nya memecahkan masalah ini. links ini penuhdengan informasi untuk AIGLX dan XGL, gunakan informasi yang relevan. anda akan berminat untuk melihat xorg.conf settings di halaman itu lakukan perbandingan dengan xorg.conf anda apakah sama . howto AIGLX http://gentoo-wiki.com/HOWTO_AIGLX howto XGL http://gentoo-wiki.com/HOWTO_XGL

masih bermasalah?beli kartu baru hahahahaha!

kalau anda mempunyai resep membuat nya bekerja - tolong post kan di forum. Source of Information.

apakah Passwords di livecd/dvd?

root account = root
sabayonuser account = sabayonuser

Booting LiveCD

Q: Installing Sabayon 64 mini 1.10.06, process berhenti setelah message "preparing the live CD environment". bagaimana? (board ASUS, chipset VIA, Intel 2core 2.82). Thanks.

A: tekan alt-f1 untuk verbose mode untuk memgetahui masalah yang meghambat. ketika boot dari cd anda bisa memilih dengan beberapa boot pilihan. tekan f1 sampai f4 untuk memgubah pilihan

Please See the Cheat Codes for list of options you can try

Installation

Q: What are the minimum system requirements (CPU, memory, hard disk space, graphic card) for installing and running Sabayon Linux on my desktop or laptop PC?

A: All system requirements, for both accelerated or not accelerated video are listed here. A package selection tool is also available.


Q: When X starts I don't see anything, it seems like the resolution is too high.

A: Press the "Ctrl Alt +" or "Ctrl Alt -" key combination's to cycle through the different resolutions until you can see the screen. Afterwords you can set your resolution in KDE with the "kcontrol" application, you can directly modify your /etc/X11/xorg.conf file, or you can also use "Ctrl Alt F1" to get to the console.


Q: Is there a updated repository of binary packages I can use rather than compiling everything from source for updates?

A: Actually not, but there are reasons for it! Please read here for some explanation of what Sabayon Linux is not :)

  ----NOTE: Entropy is in development for a binary package manager.  You can emerge equo and then equo --help to see list of options.  A gui to Equo, Spritz, is also in the making.

Multimedia

Q: Will this work with a laptop?

A: Yes, as long as it meets the appropriate hardware specifications, listed here

Gaming

Please Visit our Gaming Shed

XGL/AIGLX

Q: Is there a link or some info about which ATI or NVIDIA cards are supported with XGL?

A: While not a complete one, Gentoo Wiki has a very good list about XGL supported cards here: [1]


Q: What about AIGLX ?

A: Also on the Gentoo Wiki: [2]


Q: In the Sabayon Wiki it says that ATI official closed source fgrlx drivers can be used to run AIGLX. Is this possible? Previously this only worked with XGL, and the open source DRI (Direct Rendering Infrastructure) "radeon" drivers were needed to use AIGLX.

A: For some ATI cards AIGLX can be activated with the "radeon" driver provided that DRI is enabled. Success depends on the card type and the radeon driver support included in DRI for it; if the command line glxinfo | grep direct says "direct rendering: Yes" with radeon driver, then by all means you can use this instead of fglrx drivers. At present time AIGLX is not very well supported by the official ATI drivers but for a few cards.

Wolfden's Most Seen Asked Questions

What is Sabayon Linux

Sabayon Linux is based on the source-based distro named Gentoo - http://gentoo.org. Gentoo is a highly customizable distro which we have used as our base and using their excellent development techniques, we have created a pre-configured distribution with the tenets of Performance, Versatility, and Stability. If you have any more question about what Gentoo is and its philosophy, please visit their website. This guide is just a basic guide to get you on the correct paths.

Main Differences from Gentoo?

  • Overlay: We have our own overlay for ebuilds along with portage of course. Ebuilds are files that contain instructions that tell the package manager how to install the source code package.
  • Performance: We have modified make.conf to ensure that our distribution runs at the highest speed possible on newer computer hardware and fast on semi-older hardware. As such, our distribution is not meant to be run on Pentium Pros, although it is entirely conceivable.
  • Versatility: Again, we have modified make.conf to give nice wide range of features for all computers. We have also compiled the kernel to run well against most of the architectures out there while still leaving plenty of room for performance and, as always, the ability to change anything at your desire.
  • Entropy: We have a binary package manager that can be used as a stand alone package manager. It also works with portage so you can use emerge and entropy together. A binary is a prepackaged file already built that you use for installing instead of having to compile the source file.

Why is there two versions, a Standard and Professional?

We have two versions to suit our user base. Some want the "bleeding edge", which is the Standard Edition. It has all the bells and whistles you dream of. It's built on the unstable branch aka testing branch. Professional Edition is designed for the business users and built on the stable branch. It lacks the latest and greatest, hence the word stable branch. It doesn't come with 3D Cube or games and even lesser packages than the Standard Edition. You can install the games, 3d Cube and other packages on the Professional Edition yourself. Read more on mixing branches.

What are the requirements to run Sabayon Linux?

  • i686 Processor (starting from AMD K6 and Intel Pentium II)
  • at least 256Mb of RAM (512 suggested)
  • an OpenGL capable 3D graphics card (mostly NVIDIA, ATI, Intel, VIA)
  • a DDC capable Monitor
  • mouse and keyboard
  • Internet connection (not mandatory but highly suggested)
  • 12GB of free space, that is bare minimum, 5GB for the mini edition - Note - those space requirements won't leave you much to do anything. If you're going to install, I would recommend 40GB for DVD and 15GB for the mini.

Package Manager Questions

I just installed it, what do I do first?

This question has always amazed me. Who says there is anything to do? How about just using the operating system and getting familiar with it? Take some time and read the documentation. If you insist on having to do something then emerge --sync && layman -S to update your package list.

How do I update/install packages?

This is a general question and can be answered several ways. One way is by using emerge and portage. This is done via command line interface aka CLI. To install you will need to have root power so you will need to:

  • Open konsole or terminal
  • Type su to switch to root
  • Enter your password and hit enter, you will not see any actual typing as you enter your password
  • Run the command emerge --sync && layman -S First time you run this, it will take some time, have some patience, it will be quicker next time. All this does is syncs your package list for portage and layman. You will see all sort of crazy text fly by, that is perfectly normal. Remember to always sync before you install or upgrade any package.
  • Lets say we want to update/install amarok once our emerge --sync && layman -S is done
  • Simply enter emerge amarok then let it go and once you see the Success message you know it is upgraded/installed.
  • HOWTO Use Portage Correctly
  • HOWTO Maintain Gentoo - "Best Practices"
  • Handy Quick Reference of using emerge commands
  • Sabayon Wiki Portage Guide

Emerging is by no means a fast process. Remember your goal is setup your config files and recompile the system to your hardware and useage. Get to know your USE Flags as they are very important. USE Flags are a keyword that embodies support and dependency-information for a certain concept. If you are new, get to know the operating system first before attempting a recompile. You can not blindly reconfigure and recompile. You will easily catch on to this if you read the documentation.

What About a GUI For Managing Packages?

There are GUI package manager available, but they are no substitute for the command line emerge.

  • Portato is Sabayon's default package manager as it is the most actively developed. Of all the package managers out there, this is the one I recommend. Home Page
  • Kuroo is another package manager with limited development. They do have a Portage Viewer only program called Kuroolito. You can use it to browse through portage then emerge your packages.
  • Porthole hasn't had much done to it over the past couple years, but there is rumor that it could get an update.
  • HiMerge has a very high degree of difficulty for installation. I have no experience with this program, but hear nothing but complaints on how hard it is to install.

Personally if you have to rely on a GUI, then try to just use it as a browser to portage, but still use the command line to install your packages. You will save yourself a lot of headaches. Search and gather your information needed with the GUI then open up konsole or terminal and install.

How do I install several packages?

# emerge foo foo foo foo foo

It will install each package one after another. Replace foo with actual package names.

How do I search for a package?

# emerge -s foo

Using EIX

For searches I highly recommend using eix. It's the best tool you can have at your hands for searching. It is a command line tool, but it is very powerful and will tell you lots of information.

#emerge eix && update-eix
$ eix foo

Example output of eix gedit:

[I] app-editors/gedit
    Available versions:  2.18.2-r1 2.20.3 (~)2.20.4 {acl debug doc python spell xattr}
    Installed versions:  2.20.4(07:05:31 AM 12/29/2007)(python -debug -doc -spell -xattr)
    Homepage:            http://www.gnome.org/
    Description:         A text editor for the GNOME desktop

It has abilities to search portage and all overlays. Simple edit the /etc/eix-sync.conf file and just add * to it

# echo "*" >> /etc/eix-sync.conf

Then do

# update-eix-remote update

Now when you search it will tell where and what overlay a package is in if it is not in portage. This will widen your abilities to find packages as overlays have a lot of ebuilds too.

Can I emerge 2 packages at same time?

Yes you can, but it can and will bog your system down. It's not really recommended.

How do I update everything at once?

If you are new to this operating system and have no understanding of portage, I do not recommend this till you get to know how this operating system works. This is one of the fastest ways to destroy your system. This distro is not like the other distros that have the big easy button update. We do not have update notifications like other distros. For your information tho, world update is what Gentoo calls updating your entire system. It looks at your world file and compares it to portage and then proceeds to update all packages. Following is how:

You've been warned, when you come yellin cause you're system won't boot, don't expect sympathy.

How do I uninstall a package?

# emerge -C foo

Note - this will not remove the dependencies. You will need to run depclean for that. I stress very very strong caution with depclean as it means what it says.

How do I find out which packages depend on a certain package?

# equery depends foo

It will tell you all files depending on that package. See using gentoolkit for more information and commands.

I keep getting !!! ARCH is not set... Are you missing the 'etc/make.profile' symlink?

In konsole su to root and:

  • Run the following command: eselect profile list
  • Look for something like: default-linux/x86/2007.0/desktop and note the number in front of it
  • Then do: eselect profile set # <--replace the # with the number. In my case it would be eselect profile set 6

Now you should be good to go again.

Do I have to download the cd/dvd every time to upgrade?

If you are not familiar with portage then the best route is to wait till the next release is available. You can upgrade through portage and layman only if you know what you are doing. The installer has several options for you. Always backup your files before doing anything. My personal opinion, backup, fresh install, restore backup. Equo is going to make this easier in the future. You will be able to take the mini and upgrade to a full dvd version also. More information will come on this. If you are familiar with the system then you can keep up to date via portage and layman.

What is Entropy or Equo?

The binary system of Sabayon Linux. You will use the client called equo to access the entropy system to install binary packages. This is still in beta stages as of 3.5 Loop1. We don't have a lot of documentation on it yet as it's still being developed.

  • Use equo --help for finding out the list of commands
  • Example of installing a package equo install foo of course you will want to make sure your database is installed and updated first. equo database generate or equo update if you already had equo installed.
  • To search for package equo search foo
  • To remove a package equo remove foo
  • Spritz will be the GUI for Entropy, but is still in major development.

A binary is a prepackaged file already built that you use for installing instead of having to compile the source file. Equo and Spritz will handle these files.

How do I make sure my system is secure?

It's pretty easy to keep your system secure.

  • Open up konsole or terminal and su to root
  • Run the command glsa-check -t all to check your system
  • Then to fix run glsa-check -f $(glsa-check -t all)

How do I handle blocked packages?

You are gonna run into packages blocking other packages. This can happen for several reasons, ie a package has been dropped from portage as it no longer exists. In most cases you will simply remove the package that is blocking the new package. You will want to do some researching on this first. Don't take portage for granted and blindly do as it says without checking out what or why.

How to handle masked packages?

A package is complaining that it is masked and can not install. This is one of those times you want to check why it is masked. A masked package is usually masked to prevent you from busting things. There is several ways a package can be masked. You can still install masked packages, but make sure you find out why they are masked.

How do I update the config files?

As you install stuff, some packages are gonna bring in config files. These config files are important as they may have new settings for that package that need to be implemented. I stress that these config files are very very critical to pay attention to. You can change the entire outcome of your computer if you are not careful. Get to know your config files. There is several ways to handle these files, etc-update and dispatch-conf are probably the most popular ways of handling them. A gui for this, etc-proposals. Please handle these files with care. You can't know these files enough.

Where do I start to configure my system?

This is where the true power and fun is. The make.conf is your heart and soul of your operating sytem. Learn it, edit it and build a lean mean machine. Sabayon Linux ships with a generic make.conf that tries to support every thing under the sun. You don't need all that stuff and by configuring, you will have lesser issues with portage and conflicts.

Pertanyaan 3D Desktop/Compiz

3d cube dapat bekerja saat live cd tetapi tidak setelah di install bagaimana?

ada beberapa cara untuk melakukan ini. ketika berada di layar login click Sessions box dan pilih Acceleration Manager. cara lain dengan mencari Acceleration Manager di Kmenu. cara lainnya dengan membuka konsole su menjadi root dan jalankan accel-manager. cara apapun yang anda gunakan akan memberikan windows dengan pilihan untuk anda. setelah membuat pilihan restart x untuk memndapatkan effect. untuk restart X anda bisa lakukan ctrl alt backspace atau masukan command /etc/init.d/xdm restart. setelah login kembali anda bisa mendapatkan effect 3d

saya telah mencoba tetapi masih tidak berfungsi,bagaimana?

anda perlu melihat check more things. anda perlu pertolongan di forum / irc. I recommendasikan mencoba mencari masalah tersebut terlebih dahulu. ketika login dan buka konsole masukan kode fusion-icon dan lihat error nya di konsole. anda perlu gunakan error tersebut untuk di post di forum. pastkan anda mempunyai driver terbaru untuk kartu grafik anda.

bagaimana mengupdate compix fusion versi baru?

lihat guide on the forum memaintai dengan perubahan untuk Compiz-Fusion development.

How do I know if my card will work with Compiz-Fusion?

kita mempunyai card list daftar kdari kommuniti tentang kartu yang berfungsi dengan tidak disini.

Dimana mendapat pertolongan lainnya untuk Compiz-Fusion?

saya rekommendasikan support forum.

bgaimana menginstal kde 4 dengan equo?

Follow this Install Guide

Pertanyaan tentang networking

bagaimana mengetahui kartu network saya?

sebagai root jalankan di konsole / terminal lspci ini akan mendaftarkan semua hardware, cari Ethernet controller

bagaimana mengsetup network saya?

semoga live cd megenali network dan NetworkManager mengeset nya otomatis untuk anda. kalau tidak coba jalankan command sebagai root, su dan jalankan net-setup. sebainya anda lihat sini terlebih dahulu Gentoo Networking section.

saya dapat mengeping router saya tetapi tidak bisa ke internet

anda mempunyai masalah DNS. anda perlu mengedit file /etc/resolv.conf dan enter DNS yang benar, lalu restart network anda. kalau anda tidak mengetahui DNS anda gunakana ini 4.2.2.2

Pertanyaan tentang audio

apa yang harus saya lakukan tidak bisa mendengar suara?

  • mari lihat apakah sound card anda terdeteck, dari command line, pakai su menjadi root dan jalankan alsaconf - semoga sound card anda terdaftar dan bisa berjalan.
  • setelah itu gunakan alsamixer atau kmix untuk adjust suara.
  • kalau anda mempunyai kartu HDA-Intel , lihat sini

bagaimana saya bisa mengetahui kartu saya?

sebagai root jalankan command lspci | grep -i audio

bagaimana menginstal alsa-driver dari pada mendapatkan nya dengan kernel?

sabayon linux datang bersama alsa mixer di kernel. anda tidak bisa install alsa-drivers ketika alsa datang bersama kernel. ada harus menghapus alsa dari kernel sebelum anda install alsa-driver paket. jadilah su menjadi root:

  • cd /usr/src/linux
  • make menuconfig
  • sekarang deselect ALSA dan exit dari menu
  • jalankan: make && make modules_install
  • jalankan: cp arch/i386/boot/bzImage /boot/kernel_name <--ganti nama kernel dengan yang asli
  • Reboot
  • emerge alsa-driver when back to desktop
  • info selebihnya: Gentoo ALSA Guide.

kenapa saya harus selalu menjalan kan alsa config setiap kali?

ini terjadi apabila anda mempunyai lebih dari satu sound card. banyak orang sudah mempunyai sound card inbuilt di mother board tetapi memiliki kartu lain yang lebih bagus. matikan sound card inbuilt melalui bios dan ketika menjalankan alsaconf lagi, tidak akan terulang lagi.

Pertanyaan tentang video

kartu nvidia saya adalah kartu legacy apa yang saya butuhkan?

anda perlu membandingkan kartu anda dengan data di bawah ini untuk mengetahui driver mana yang pas

Bantuan ubtuk kartu ati!

saya tidak mempunyai ati tapi saya bisa sarankan:

bangaimana mengsetup AIGLX dengan ati?

Bagaimana mengsetup dual layar?

Saya menggunakan dua layar dengan compiz fusion sangat bagus. lihat gentoo wiki Howto Dual Monitors

video bekerja dengan live cd/dvd tetapi tidak setelah di install?

kalau video anda bekerja pada saat live saya akan boot live cd dan copy xorg.conf ke harddrive yang akan saya install. banyak cara menyelesai kan masalah ini.

  • pilihan 1 - boot dan cari /etc/X11/ dan copy file xorg.conf ke versi installasi. anda akan bisa mengekses dari /media jadi akan seperti /media/mydrive/etc/X11/ Reboot computer dan anda bisa memjalankan seperti livecd/dvd. backup file sebelum overwrite.
  • pilihan 2 - Boot up dan cari /etc/X11/xorg.conf dan gunakan seperti http://www.pastebin.ca dan pasta xorg.conf file di sana. catat url nya jadi saat mengeboot bisa terakses. dan rename xorg.conf dan buat yang baru dengan yang di paste.
  • kalau anda masih sial, kita harus meneliti driver. coba reinstall driver, pastikan driver itu yang terbaru. pengguna Nvidia, pastikan menggunakan driver yang benar. lihat pertanyaan no 1 di bagian pertanyaan tentang video

Pertanyaan edisi mini

saya telah meginstall edisi mini dan terus mendapat error Unable to calculate Linux Kernel version

edisi mini tidak memiliki sumber. anda harus menambah sumber. edisi sekarang tidak memakai kernel lama, anda mesti mengupgrade kernel:

Follow this Guide

Bagaimana saya mengetahui versi Sabayon?

jalankan command cat /etc/sabayon-release

live cd tidak boot

pastikan md5sum is good dan bakar image degan kecepatan lambat. ini sangat penting kerana akan di tanyakan setiap kali.

  • pakai cheat codes -- tekan F5 dan masukan kode (s) ke dalam box yang muncul
  • kalau masih mendapat kan error, post di forum hardware dan kode apa yang telah digunakan. mungkin ada yang dapat menyelesaikan masalah ini.

apakah edisi mini mempunyai 3d desktop?

ya, mini mempunyai 3d efek . hanya tidak memiliki banyak package.

manakah yang saya pilih 32 atau 64?

32 lebih gampang di operasikan dari pada 64. semua akan jalan di versi 64 bit dengan menggunakan 32 bit. kebanyakan aplikasi masih berjalan dengan 32 bit. pengguna komputer biasa tidak akan bisa membedakan .saya saran kan mencoba kedua nya. dari pengalaman saya banyak yang memilih 32. anda bisa menggoogle untuk info lebih.

bisakah saya menginstall dengan tidak membakar cd/dvd?

Ya, anda bisa install if you don't have a cd or dvd burner.

Bantuan and Pertanyaan

Dimana saya bisa mendapat bantuan?

apakah anda terhambat? ada banyak sumber informasi.Saya sarankan lakukan dahulu penelitian sebelum ke irc / ke forum dan mengepost treard yang sudah di post seratus kali. ini akan membosan kan mendapat jawaban yang sudah di dokumentasikan.

   * sewaktu post error - jangan post error sendiri, semua mengira bahwa ERROR: x11-base/xgl-0.0.1_pre20070915 failed adalah error, itu bukan. error adalah sebelum itu, post semua error jangan membiarkan orang menunggu error yang sebenarnya. kalau anda membaca di bawah error: bahkan memberitahukan post bagian atas error.

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