Difference between revisions of "HOWTO: Get AMD/ATI or Nvidia Video Cards working in Sabayon"

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= AMD =
+
{{Warning| '''SUPPORTED AMD HARDWARE'''
 
+
FGLRX is currently being deprecated. AMDGPU is the new platform. Devices not supported by AMDGPU will be supported by radeon. AMDGPU-PRO is in BETA and currently only supported on .deb and .rpm distributions during the BETA.
(UPDATED 5.5.13 Thanks to anomaly65) https://forum.sabayon.org/viewtopic.php?f=56&t=28808
+
}}
  
{{Warning| ''' This only covers HD5XXX series and higher. The r600-HD4xxx are on hold due to other portions of system incompatibility. This doesn't cover hybrid (i.e. intel-ati on many new laptops) as I don't have one to test on '''}}
+
= <span style="color:BLUE">Kernel Upgrade (optional)</span> =
  
== Prepare ==
+
==Repository Database Update==
Lets prepare the system for a fresh install of the ati-drivers package and block the conflicting driver Radeon at boot. be sure to look at the first part of the line. $ is for user while # is for root!
+
First things first! Update the database to make sure we have the most up to date package available! This will give us the most recent list of kernels and drivers.
  
 
{{Console| <pre class="clear">
 
{{Console| <pre class="clear">
 
[email protected] ~ $ su
 
[email protected] ~ $ su
localhost user # equo update --force
+
localhost root # equo update
localhost user # equo remove ati-drivers
+
localhost user # equo remove xf86-video-ati
+
localhost user # equo remove x11-base/xorg-drivers
+
localhost user # equo remove --configfiles xf86-video-ati
+
localhost user # echo "blacklist radeon" >> /etc/modprobe.d/blacklist.conf
+
 
</pre>}}
 
</pre>}}
  
If your radeon module is still loaded after boot and you have added it to the modprobe blacklist, look into '''/etc/conf.d/modules''' to see if it is listed in the modules line.
+
== Method 1 (kernel-switcher tool) ==
  
 +
This method should automagically install the corresponding driver updates and addons such as the zfs mod.
  
Now we need to disable KMS (Kernel Mode Setting)
 
  
 +
Lets see what is available!
 
{{Console| <pre class="clear">
 
{{Console| <pre class="clear">
localhost user # nano /etc/default/grub
+
localhost root # kernel-switcher list
 
</pre>}}
 
</pre>}}
  
==Editing /etc/default/grub==
+
Find a kernel you wish to use, and switch!
 
+
{{Console| <pre class="clear">
You will notice a Difference. I have highlighted in Red what needs to be added.
+
localhost root # kernel-switcher switch linux-sabayon-4.1.7
 
+
</pre>}}
    # Copyright 1999-2012 Gentoo Foundation
+
    # Distributed under the terms of the GNU General Public License v2
+
    # $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo-x86/sys-boot/grub/files/grub.default-2,v 1.2 2012/06/28 22:36:53 floppym Exp $
+
    #
+
    # To populate all changes in this file you need to regenerate your
+
    # grub configuration file afterwards:
+
    #    'grub2-mkconfig -o /boot/grub2/grub.cfg'
+
    #
+
    # See the grub info page for documentation on possible variables and
+
    # their associated values.
+
    GRUB_DEFAULT=saved
+
    GRUB_DISTRIBUTOR="Sabayon"
+
   
+
    GRUB_HIDDEN_TIMEOUT=0
+
    GRUB_HIDDEN_TIMEOUT_QUIET=true
+
    GRUB_TIMEOUT=5
+
    GRUB_DISABLE_LINUX_UUID=true
+
   
+
    GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX_DEFAULT=""
+
    GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX="<span style="color:red">nomodeset</span>"
+
   
+
    # Uncomment to disable graphical terminal (grub-pc only)
+
    #GRUB_TERMINAL=console
+
   
+
  
==Install==
+
== Method 2 (Manual) ==
  
Now install new kernel and drivers.
+
This method isn't better or worse than kernel-switcher. It just allows you to know exactly whats going on, what you are doing, and what is changing. This method doesn't automagically upgrade drivers or install addons such as virtualbox addons or the zfs mod.
   
+
 
{{Console| <pre class="clear">
 
{{Console| <pre class="clear">
localhost user # equo install sys-kernel/linux-sabayon
+
localhost root # equo install sys-kernel/linux-sabayon
localhost user # equo install sys-kernel/sabayon-sources
+
localhost root # equo install sys-kernel/sabayon-sources
localhost user # equo install x11-drivers/ati-drivers amdcccle
+
 
</pre>}}
 
</pre>}}
  
Line 76: Line 46:
  
 
{{Console| <pre class="clear">
 
{{Console| <pre class="clear">
localhost user # eselect bzimage list
+
localhost root # eselect bzimage list
localhost user # eselect kernel list
+
localhost root # eselect kernel list
 
</pre>}}
 
</pre>}}
  
Line 84: Line 54:
  
 
{{Console| <pre class="clear">
 
{{Console| <pre class="clear">
localhost user # eselect bzimage list
+
localhost root # eselect bzimage list
 
Available kernel targets:
 
Available kernel targets:
   [1]  kernel-genkernel-x86_64-3.8.0-sabayon *
+
   [1]  kernel-genkernel-x86_64-3.13.0-sabayon *
   [2]  kernel-genkernel-x86_64-3.9.0-sabayon
+
   [2]  kernel-genkernel-x86_64-4.1.0-sabayon
localhost user # eselect kernel list
+
localhost root # eselect kernel list
 
Available kernel symlink targets:
 
Available kernel symlink targets:
   [1]  linux-3.8.0-sabayon
+
   [1]  linux-3.13.0-sabayon
   [2]  linux-3.9.0-sabayon *
+
   [2]  linux-4.1.0-sabayon *
localhost user #  
+
localhost root #  
 
</pre>}}
 
</pre>}}
  
  
Now select the newer bzimage and kernel and switch to the AMD/ATI libraries.
+
Now select the newer bzimage and kernel.
  
 
{{Console| <pre class="clear">
 
{{Console| <pre class="clear">
localhost user # eselect bzimage set 2
+
localhost root # eselect bzimage set 2
localhost user # eselect kernel set 2
+
localhost root # eselect kernel set 2
localhost user # eselect opencl set amd
+
localhost user # eselect opengl set ati
+
 
</pre>}}
 
</pre>}}
  
  
Need an updated or new xorg.conf? If you weren't using fglrx before then... yes.
+
<span style="color:RED">Once your new kernel is installed reboot!</span>
Backup old and update.
+
 
+
{{Console| <pre class="clear">
+
localhost user # cp /etc/X11/xorg.conf /etc/X11/xorg.conf.bak
+
localhost user # /opt/bin/aticonfig --initial
+
</pre>}}
+
 
+
OK now reboot!
+
 
+
==Configure==
+
 
+
Once you login and decide you want to set resolutions and extra settings open amdcccle.
+
 
+
{{Console| <pre class="clear">
+
[email protected] ~ $ kdesu /opt/bin/amdcccle
+
</pre>}}
+
  
 
==Clean (optional)==
 
==Clean (optional)==
Line 131: Line 83:
 
{{Console| <pre class="clear">
 
{{Console| <pre class="clear">
 
[email protected] ~ $ su
 
[email protected] ~ $ su
localhost user # equo remove sys-kernel/linux-sabayon-3.8.10
+
localhost root # equo remove sys-kernel/linux-sabayon-3.13.11
 
</pre>}}
 
</pre>}}
  
 +
= <span style="color:RED">TEAM RED - AMD</span> =
  
==Roll Back==
+
==FGLRX to Open Source (radeon or AMDGPU)==
  
If you're looking at this. We are either curious or ran into a snag.  
+
{{Note| '''SED'''
 +
In these instructions you'll notice the sed command. This may make some people leary as not everyone understands this command. "sed" stands for "stream editor". It can edit the edit file for you by substituting lines, words, strings, etc. In this case we are using it to remove a line in blacklist.conf and nomodeset command in grub config files.
  
Good News: everything is reversible!
+
If you don't feel fully comfortable about this command. Back up your file or use nano (vi etc.) to edit the file!
 +
}}
  
Bad News: you're stuck in a terminal until its fixed!
 
But you knew that didn't you ;)
 
  
With your computer powered off, connect the computer to the internet via a cable and then press the power button.  
+
"Why" you ask? Besides the drivers not quickly supporting new Kernel releases, Open Source drivers are getting better all the time and AMD has announced plans to open source as much as possible. The majority of the drivers will be opensource while proprietary features will remain in a kernel agnostic binary blob. If you want to go full opensource, then the driver will hook into mesa for all rendering etc. If you want proprietary features, the same driver hooks into a binary blob. Same driver, different options. AMDGPU-PRO will basically be a full install of the opensource driver, but with binaries included. Currently AMDGPU-PRO isn't available to Gentoo in this BETA phase.
When you reach the Grub selection screen press an arrow key to halt the timer and go to the kernel you would
+
like to boot from. Press 'e' on that line and it will take you to edit the grub commands before booting.
+
<span style="color:red">This is a temporary grub edit, it will revert after reboot!</span>
+
  
At the end of the "linux" line add the option "nox"
+
{{Console| <pre class="clear">
 +
[email protected] ~ $ su
 +
localhost root # equo update
 +
localhost root # equo remove ati-drivers ati-userspace amdcccle
 +
localhost root # equo install xf86-video-ati xf86-video-amdgpu
 +
localhost root # eselect opengl set xorg-x11
 +
localhost root # sed -i 's/nomodeset//g' /etc/default/grub
 +
localhost root # sed -i 's/nomodeset//g' /boot/grub/grub.cfg
 +
localhost root # sed -i 's/"blacklist radeon"//g' /etc/modprobe.d/blacklist.conf
 +
localhost root # rm -rf /etc/X11/xorg.conf
 +
</pre>}}
  
    linux  /boot/kernel-genkernel-x86_64-3.9.0-sabayon ro  init=/linuxrc splash=silent,theme:sabayon
+
Newer versions of X11 do not require an xorg.conf file. If any special settings are required or wanted you can apply an override in /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/
    video=vesafb:ywrap,mtrr:3 vga=791 gfxpayload=1024x768x16 console=tty1 quiet dokeymap keymap=us
+
    domdadm root=UUID=787202b0-a5d2-4e03-aeb6-569bafef6de0 docrypt <span style="color:red">nox</span>
+
  
Now press F10 to boot with the new command.
+
{{Console| <pre class="clear">
 +
localhost root # vi /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/30-Devices.conf
 +
</pre>}}
  
This will take you through the normal boot process, then will put you at a CLI login screen.
+
Now we can add typical xorg.conf configurations for the devices such as tearfree. This is typically for the more savvy.
 
+
You can either
+
# login as root
+
# login as user then su
+
 
+
Now to start putting things back!
+
  
 
{{Console| <pre class="clear">
 
{{Console| <pre class="clear">
localhost user # equo update
+
Section "Device"
localhost user # equo remove ati-drivers amdcccle
+
Identifier "Card0"
localhost user # equo install xf86-video-ati
+
Driver "amdgpu"
localhost user # equo install x11-base/xorg-drivers
+
BusID "PCI:1:0:0"
localhost user # eselect opengl set xorg-x11
+
Option "TearFree" "True"
localhost user # sed -i '/blacklist radeon/d' /etc/modprobe.d/blacklist.conf
+
Option "EnablePageFlip" "True"
localhost user # sed -i 's/\<nomodeset\>//g' /etc/default/grub
+
EndSection
localhost user # cp /etc/X11/xorg.conf.bak /etc/X11/xorg.conf
+
 
</pre>}}
 
</pre>}}
 
Now reboot! Now you are back on the Open Source Drivers!
 
You will keep your upgraded kernel so that was not reverted. (reason for less steps)
 
 
{{Note| '''SED'''
 
 
I'm sure you have noticed the sed command. This may make some people leary as not everyone understands this command. "sed" stands for "stream editor". It can edit the edit file for you by deleting lines, words, strings, etc. In this case we are using it to remove the Line we added in blacklist.conf and the command we added in grub.
 
 
If you don't feel fully comfortable about this command. Back up your file or use nano (vi etc.) to edit the file!
 
}}
 
 
= NVIDIA =
 
 
== simple procedure ==
 
 
If you have issues running X after an upgrade, you can follow this procedure:
 
 
let's update the package database
 
 
  > equo update --force
 
  ...
 
  
  
let's check the current installed kernel
 
  > uname -r
 
  ... (lookup the kernel version, you will need to pick the appropriate driver based on this)
 
  
let's list the list of nvidia drivers, in a concise way
+
= <span style="color:green">TEAM GREEN - NVIDIA</span> =
  > equo s nvidia-drivers -q -v
+
If for some reason you don't have proprietary Nvidia drivers installed and you want them, there are simple steps to follow.
  ... (list of all nvidia-drivers, you need to pick one which matches the major x.y of your kernel version)
+
  
finally install the appropriate driver for your kernel
+
== Available driver version ==
  > equo install '''full name of driver you choosed from above list'''
+
  
It worked for updating the drivers appropriately for a thinkpad t61p, those instructions are expected to be better than outdated ones.
+
To get a list of all drivers for all kernels that are available:
 +
{{Console| <pre class="clear">$ equo search -qv nvidia-drivers</pre>}}
  
 +
List of all drivers versions available for currently running kernel:
 +
{{Console| <pre class="clear">$ equo search -qv nvidia-drivers#$(uname -r)</pre>}}
  
== outdated ==
+
== Installation  ==
{{Warning| '''This page is out of date?, misleading and potentially dangerous to your system.  Use equo to install the driver package you need (eg ati-drivers or nvidia-drivers) and kernel-switcher for future updates to your kernel.'''}} 
+
Knowing what driver version you want to install (usually the newest, i.e. highest number version, it may differ if you have old card that needs older drivers):
 +
=== Newest drivers for currently running kernel ===
 +
{{Console| <pre class="clear">localhost root # equo install --ask nvidia-driver#$(uname -r) nvidia-userspace</pre>}}
 +
Will install newest driver available for currently running kernel.
  
{{Warning| '''Portage (emerge) is not the primary package manager for Sabayon, this article is for advanced users only. In other words if this fails for you, its your fault. You have been warned.'''}}  
+
=== Older drivers for currently running kernel ===
 +
List Nvidia drivers for your current kernel (insturctions above), and install it along with corresponding '''nvidia-userspace''', e.g.:
 +
{{Console| <pre class="clear">localhost root # equo install --ask nvidia-drivers-304.108#$(uname -r) nvidia-drivers-304.108</pre>}}
  
# In root shell '''emerge kernelname-sources -pv ''', if already installed go to next step otherwise type '''emerge =kernelname-sources-2.6.kernelversion ''' (kernel version can be identified by typing '''uname -r ''' or '''uname -a ''')
+
== Block nouveau driver ==
# If not using genkernel ensure your kernel configuration supports your video card (gentoo-wiki.com has more information)
+
For Nvidia drivers to work properly nouveau can't be loaded. Thus, it must be blocked.
# In root shell type '''emerge nvidia-drivers''' (Most older cards need a version that is 97.00 or lower.  Add >=x11-drivers/nvidia-drivers-97.00 to your /etc/portage/package.mask file before emerging.  i.e.  '''echo \>=x11-drivers/nvidia-drivers-97.00 >> /etc/portage/package.mask''' before you emerge nvidia-drivers'') --[[User:Megaman5|Megaman5]] 01:58, 24 March 2008 (UTC)
+
# Edit etc/X11/xorg.conf and change the Driver option under Device from nv or vesa to nvidia, also ensure the the Load glx line is uncommented in the Module Section
+
# In a root shell type '''eselect opengl set nvidia '''
+
# Make sure your user is in the video group by typing '''gpasswd -a youruser video ''' in a root shell.
+
# Restart X
+
# If X doesn't work please pastebin the contents of /var/log/Xorg.0.log and possibly /etc/X11/xorg.conf and check #Sabayon, the Sabayon Forums or gentoo-wiki.com, If it does, in root shell type glxinfo | grep direct, if this says Yes then continue to next step
+
# Using Google or other means identify whether your card works best with XGL or AIGLX or neither.
+
# Using accel-manager which will need to be emerged by typing (still in a root shell) '''emerge accel-manager''', choose your preferred method XGL or AIGLX. Or if neither ignore this step.
+
# Repeat Step 7
+
# You should now have a working NVIDIA card with DRI and if you choose XGL or AIGLX. If you some reason you don't please use the resources in the Forum Usage & Resources Post in Sabayon Forums to remedy the problem.These resouces include http://gentoo-wiki.com/HOWTO_nVidia_Drivers. It would be beneficial if you repeat Step 8 as part of the troubleshooting process.
+
  
----
+
{{Console| <pre class="clear">localhost root # echo blacklist nouveau >> /etc/modprobe.d/blacklist.conf </pre>}}
To Install Nvidia Accelerated drivers (closed blob) for more recent video cards, e.g. 520GT, follow these steps in order:
+
   
+
Firstly, attempt to discover the kernel revision your sabayon install is currently using, you can achieve this by opening an instance of a command line interface or Terminal emulator and type in this instruction into the terminal:
+
uname -a
+
   
+
You should see from the very beginning of the screen (far left of the screen, in the terminal box) your host name which will say: Linux,  and the name you gave your PC, during the installation of sabayon. Next you will see the kernel version and then it's description... which should resemble something like this:
+
[3.2.0-sabayon #1 SMP]
+
   
+
Using this information, use either Sulfur (GUI) or equo (command line) installer and search for the correct revision that suits your graphics card and kernel version that we have just discovered. This case we will want to install the Nvidia 290.xx driver that matches the kernel which is 3.2.0-sabayon #1 SMP
+
   
+
Before we install, we want to make sure that there are no possible driver conflicts
+
   
+
For example: while I was learning this, the ATI fglrx (closed blob for ATI cards) driver was installed, along side nouveau(open sourced nvidia driver), plus the eselect program was pointed to the ATI driver, which did not help matters much...
+
   
+
You can detect if they are installed or not by typing in a root terminal by typing either "su root" (without quotes) followed by your username and pass or "sudo equo" (without quotes) search ATI and repeat the process for nouveau.
+
   
+
If you find either offending package, just type "equo remove ati-drivers" and/or "xf86-video-nouveau" (without quotes)
+
   
+
Once you found the correct version and type of graphic drivers you will ether need to right click on the driver package in Sulfur, then select install or alternatively type in "equo install nvidia-drivers-295.20#3.2.0-sabayon" (without quotes)
+
   
+
This will download, install and compile the modules into the kernel, but you will have to setup the last two bits yourself.
+
   
+
Follow these last two steps to complete the process:
+
Not doing these can cause your system to freeze, lock up and have a blank screen if not completed properly, if you choose to run a game or use your card's accelerated features!
+
   
+
In a root terminal type:
+
eselect opengl set nvidia
+
  
Make sure your user is in the video group by typing "gpasswd -a <username> video" (without quotes, replace <username> with your username e.g. gpassword -a mike video) in a terminal as root.
+
== Set Nvidia drivers as active ==
 +
{{Console| <pre class="clear">localhost root # eselect opengl set nvidia</pre>}}
  
 
[[Category:Graphics|Get Ati or Nvidia Video Cards working in Sabayon]]
 
[[Category:Graphics|Get Ati or Nvidia Video Cards working in Sabayon]]

Latest revision as of 03:44, 13 November 2016

i18n: en pl


Stop.png
SUPPORTED AMD HARDWARE

FGLRX is currently being deprecated. AMDGPU is the new platform. Devices not supported by AMDGPU will be supported by radeon. AMDGPU-PRO is in BETA and currently only supported on .deb and .rpm distributions during the BETA.

Kernel Upgrade (optional)

Repository Database Update

First things first! Update the database to make sure we have the most up to date package available! This will give us the most recent list of kernels and drivers.

[email protected] ~ $ su
localhost root # equo update

Method 1 (kernel-switcher tool)

This method should automagically install the corresponding driver updates and addons such as the zfs mod.


Lets see what is available!

localhost root # kernel-switcher list

Find a kernel you wish to use, and switch!

localhost root # kernel-switcher switch linux-sabayon-4.1.7

Method 2 (Manual)

This method isn't better or worse than kernel-switcher. It just allows you to know exactly whats going on, what you are doing, and what is changing. This method doesn't automagically upgrade drivers or install addons such as virtualbox addons or the zfs mod.

localhost root # equo install sys-kernel/linux-sabayon
localhost root # equo install sys-kernel/sabayon-sources


Now use eselect to set the soft links(shortcuts) to the proper libraries and files. eselect allows us to keep different libraries so we can switch without damaging the system by replacing important files.

First off we need to know which is our new kernel and bzimage

localhost root # eselect bzimage list
localhost root # eselect kernel list


You should get something like this...

localhost root # eselect bzimage list
Available kernel targets:
  [1]   kernel-genkernel-x86_64-3.13.0-sabayon *
  [2]   kernel-genkernel-x86_64-4.1.0-sabayon
localhost root # eselect kernel list
Available kernel symlink targets:
  [1]   linux-3.13.0-sabayon
  [2]   linux-4.1.0-sabayon *
localhost root # 


Now select the newer bzimage and kernel.

localhost root # eselect bzimage set 2
localhost root # eselect kernel set 2


Once your new kernel is installed reboot!

Clean (optional)

Once you have everything working you can remove the old kernel if you like. MAKE SURE YOU SELECT THE CORRECT KERNEL! Look using "equo search linux-sabayon" then copy and paste!

[email protected] ~ $ su
localhost root # equo remove sys-kernel/linux-sabayon-3.13.11

TEAM RED - AMD

FGLRX to Open Source (radeon or AMDGPU)

Question.png
SED

In these instructions you'll notice the sed command. This may make some people leary as not everyone understands this command. "sed" stands for "stream editor". It can edit the edit file for you by substituting lines, words, strings, etc. In this case we are using it to remove a line in blacklist.conf and nomodeset command in grub config files.

If you don't feel fully comfortable about this command. Back up your file or use nano (vi etc.) to edit the file!


"Why" you ask? Besides the drivers not quickly supporting new Kernel releases, Open Source drivers are getting better all the time and AMD has announced plans to open source as much as possible. The majority of the drivers will be opensource while proprietary features will remain in a kernel agnostic binary blob. If you want to go full opensource, then the driver will hook into mesa for all rendering etc. If you want proprietary features, the same driver hooks into a binary blob. Same driver, different options. AMDGPU-PRO will basically be a full install of the opensource driver, but with binaries included. Currently AMDGPU-PRO isn't available to Gentoo in this BETA phase.

[email protected] ~ $ su
localhost root # equo update
localhost root # equo remove ati-drivers ati-userspace amdcccle
localhost root # equo install xf86-video-ati xf86-video-amdgpu
localhost root # eselect opengl set xorg-x11
localhost root # sed -i 's/nomodeset//g' /etc/default/grub
localhost root # sed -i 's/nomodeset//g' /boot/grub/grub.cfg
localhost root # sed -i 's/"blacklist radeon"//g' /etc/modprobe.d/blacklist.conf
localhost root # rm -rf /etc/X11/xorg.conf

Newer versions of X11 do not require an xorg.conf file. If any special settings are required or wanted you can apply an override in /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/

localhost root # vi /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/30-Devices.conf

Now we can add typical xorg.conf configurations for the devices such as tearfree. This is typically for the more savvy.

Section "Device"
	Identifier	"Card0"
	Driver		"amdgpu"
	BusID		"PCI:1:0:0"
	Option		"TearFree"		"True"
	Option		"EnablePageFlip"	"True"
EndSection


TEAM GREEN - NVIDIA

If for some reason you don't have proprietary Nvidia drivers installed and you want them, there are simple steps to follow.

Available driver version

To get a list of all drivers for all kernels that are available:

$ equo search -qv nvidia-drivers

List of all drivers versions available for currently running kernel:

$ equo search -qv nvidia-drivers#$(uname -r)

Installation

Knowing what driver version you want to install (usually the newest, i.e. highest number version, it may differ if you have old card that needs older drivers):

Newest drivers for currently running kernel

localhost root # equo install --ask nvidia-driver#$(uname -r) nvidia-userspace

Will install newest driver available for currently running kernel.

Older drivers for currently running kernel

List Nvidia drivers for your current kernel (insturctions above), and install it along with corresponding nvidia-userspace, e.g.:

localhost root # equo install --ask nvidia-drivers-304.108#$(uname -r) nvidia-drivers-304.108

Block nouveau driver

For Nvidia drivers to work properly nouveau can't be loaded. Thus, it must be blocked.

localhost root # echo blacklist nouveau >> /etc/modprobe.d/blacklist.conf 

Set Nvidia drivers as active

localhost root # eselect opengl set nvidia