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Sabayon es basicamente Gentoo asi que casi todo lo relacionado a Gentoo tambien se aplica a Sabayon, con esto en mente, los siguientes enlaces seran de mucha ayuda para resolver los problemas que pueda tener. Asegurese de agregarlos a su pagina de marcadores.

Esos enlaces, le diran a cualquiera que es Gentoo, y como usarlo. La cantidad de documentacion de Gentoo es simplemente inimaginable. Toma tiempo buscando.

kolsyra wrote: Here is a very good site for understanding Linux in general. Very good reading if you lack the fundamental "how Linux works" knowledge but also very entertaining for someone that just wants to know more about Linux:

!!! Incapaz de calcular la version de Kernel de Linux

Para aquellos con el mensaje !!! Unable to calculate Linux Kernel version

# emerge =sabayon-sources-2.6.18-r4  #(note - replace sabayon-sources-2.6.18-r4, with your present kernel use uname -r)
# cd /usr/src/linux
# zcat /proc/config.gz > .config
# make prepare modules_prepare

Si make prepare modules_prepare falla, solo ejecute emerge nvidia-drivers o ati-drivers, de acuerdo a la tarjeta de video que usted tenga.

ERROR: Certificate verification error for xxxxxx


# emerge ca-certificates 

y despues, ejecute de nuevo el comando emerge previo.

Problemas para que vmWare se ejecute bien

Para la gente que tiene problemas para que vmWare se ejecute bien. siga estas instrucciones, cortesia de civll64:

# emerge =sabayon-sources-2.6.18-r4  #(note - replace sabayon-sources-2.6.18-r4, with your present kernel use uname -r)
# emerge vmware-modules
# depmod vmmon -a
# depmod vmnet -a
# layman -f -a vmware
# emerge vmware-server


# /etc/init.d/vmware start && rc-update add vmware default

agreguese al grupo vwmare

Para aquellos con el ipw3945

el mini, tiene esta reparacion, sin embargo, despues de instalar, cuando va a arrancar por primera vez, necesita ejecutar

# /etc/init.d/ipw3945d start && rc-update add ipw3945d default

KDE daemon congelado, menu congelado o konqueror que no abre

Para aquellos que tienen el KDE daemon congelado, el menu congelado o konqueror que no abre, simplemente ejecute en konsole - esto funcionara hasta que arranque de nuevo:

killall -SIGKILL kded

Actualizar el mini menu al estilo del lanzador del DVD SuSE

necesita remover las lineas "kicker" de /etc/portage/package.mask entonces ejecute

# emerge --sync && layman -s sabayon && USE="-kdeinvisibility" emerge kicker && exit && dcop kicker kicker restart

Para el fallo del Kernel en Nvidia

# emerge -C nvidia-drivers; rmmod nvidia; rm /lib/modules/$(uname -r)/video/nvidia.ko; rm /usr/lib/opengl/nvidia -rf; emerge nvidia-drivers; eselect opengl set nvidia; reboot

Cheat Codes


noddc res=1024x768 refresh=60 opengl=ati


noddc res=1024x768 refresh=60 opengl=nvidia

Como se utilizan? presione F5 en la pantalla de arranque del livecd/dvd y agregue una de las lineas previas, dependiendo de su hardware. Mas parametros de Cheat/Boot aqui: Sabayon Linux

Plugins para el motor de busqueda FireFox

Sabayon Linux Forum Search Plugin

Checking your MD5SUM

Before you attempt installing Sabayon (or any Linux distro for that matter) you should check your md5sum. "What on earth is that!?" you may ask. Well, md5sum is an ingenious algorithm which, when you run a string of data through it, will spit out a string of letters and numbers. This string will be totally and completely unique to that data. So in our case, we want to create an md5sum of the Sabayon LiveCD or LiveDVD .iso file.

Why should I go through all the trouble?

Well, when the developers create the master .iso from which all the other .iso's will be copied and distributed the developers calculate an md5sum of that .iso. They then post the results of the md5sum in the release notes. This is so you can verify if the .iso you have downloaded has not been tampered with, or has downloaded correctly.

MANY installation error are a result of folks not checking their md5sums before trying to install. Hey folks, entropy is real! Sometimes bits of a file get lost in the shuffle. Make sure your .iso file is 100% there.

So how on earth do I check this vaunted md5sum.

In Linux it could not be easier:

md5sum /path/to/file.iso

You can then compare the outcome with the official, posted md5sum to verify that you have EXACTLY the same file as lxnay created!

Remember to also verify the integrity of the LiveCD/DVD once you have burned it, to make sure that your burner didn't make any boo boos. The procedure for verifying the integrity of a LiveCD/DVD is given on the following Wiki page:

You can also use K3B to check the md5sum. This is done automatically when you chose to burn a cd or dvd iso image to disc, using this program. Then as before, check it against the published md5sum.

In the windows world? You are trying to jump into the Linuxverse? There are several programs out there for free. Here is one.[1]

Running the miniLive CD 3.2

Hopefully you have run a check sum on the CD and your ISO previous to burning the CD and found all well.
Insert your CD into your CD drive. Make sure your bios is set to recognize a bootable cd.
Restart your system.
You will be at the Sabayon prompt if it boots from the CD.
At this point you can simply wait and after about 20 seconds the system will try to boot Sabayon with default parameters. You should try this method first to see if it works fine "out of the box."
If that does not work, reboot and press F1 and check what options you have available for booting. See for what the boot parameters do.
If you decide to start with a parameter such as "res=1024x768" then you should type "sabayon res=1024x768" and not just "res=1028x768".
For "refresh=60" use "sabayon refresh=60" - try this if you get an "out of range" error.
Remember that you must have a 3d accelerator card to have full 3d effects. No 3d accelerator card--no effects!
Sabayon should recognize your 3d accelerator card but use the parameters if you need to force a choice of video drivers.
To get the full 3d accelerator effects, if beryl doesn't load, you should include "xgl" or "aiglx" as one of your boot parameters.
Remember to always include "sabayon" as the first word with any parameter.
If all goes well you will come to a log in screen - do NOT use the root user (Root user has no icons for installing and is missing other icons). Use sabayonuser with password "sabayonuser".
Beryl should start (nice little splash screen) and you will be in the window manager (default is KDE 3.5).
The 3d cube should be working if all goes well. Experiment and enjoy!


Once you've installed Sabayon, and you'd like to stabilize your package manager (emerge/portage), use the following commands. Open a terminal, and run these commands as root using either su or sudo, depending on your preference.

emerge --sync

After running emerge --sync you will likely need to run emerge portage and then


layman -S

glsa-check -f all


Notes: If your system asks you to run etc-update, you should run dispatch-conf instead.

These instructions will bring your package repositories up to date and allow you to use your package manager (Kuroo, if you like graphical, emerge if you like the command prompt) normally. It is easier to do this step from the command prompt than by using kuroo because at the command prompt you will get information on what is happening. The default answer to prompts from dispatch-conf is u. (update), You can also use etc-update, the default response is -3.

Live CD Display is Compressed or Partially Viewable

When booting from the LiveCD/DVD and your display is extremely small resolution or appears to be compressed or partially viewable try booting with the following command line option:
This will give you a resolution of 1024 by 768. If you need a different resolution just change the height and width to that which you require.

Useful aliases

I have gathered information from a few sources to come up with a useful list of aliases that users may want to put into their environment.

Goes in /home/user/.bashrc

# Lists files in various ways
# -l in single column format, I use this when I want to see the extra attributes about a file
# the addition of 'h' shows file sizes in human readable form
# the addition of 'a' shows hidden files (names starting with '.')
# the addition of 'F' annotates files with addition chars
# feel free to man ls for a more detailed explanation
alias ll='ls -l' # or alias ll='ls -lh'
alias l.='ls -a'
alias ll.='ls -al'
alias ls='ls -aF --color=always'

# Simply renames grep to search
alias search=grep

# Shortcut to mount and unmount your cdrom drive
# ? doesn't this happen automatically on most distros ?
alias mcd='mount /mnt/cdrom'
alias ucd='umount /mnt/cdrom'

# Starts Midnight Commander in colored mode
alias mc='mc -c'

# Directory traversal
# Seems SuSE used to set these by default
alias ..='cd ..'
alias ...='cd ../..'

# Adding the -i will prompt for confirmation which can be good for new 
# and unexpected/annoying for more experienced users
alias rm='rm -i'
alias cp='cp -i'
alias mv='mv -i'

# Fixes wrong typing
alias sl='ls'

# Forces modprobe to always be verbose
alias modprobe='modprobe -v'

# Shows all running tasks
alias pm='ps auxw | more'

# Reports disk usage in human readable format
alias df='df -h'

# Create shortcuts to different directories
# alias cda='cd /var/www/localhost/htdocs'

# for some reason, sometimes cpufreqd decides to run the
# CPU at max speed even though the load is 0.01.  This
# alias lets me see if that's happening.
alias cur='sed -e "s/000$/ MHz/" < /sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu0/cpufreq/scaling_cur_freq'

# Allows for you to search what you have typed previously
alias gh='history | grep -i'

More info at the following

Learning the bash Shell, 3rd Edition

Bash Prompt HOWTO

Customizing your Bash environment

Getting Started with BASH

Revdep-Rebuild Woes?

In my travels of Sabayon I have come across many who have let their packages get all too out of date for a revdep-rebuild to fix. I've prepared a short script here which overrides the old revdep-rebuild with an optional update feature. You can either keep this somewhere independant of revdep-rebuild, or replace revdep-rebuild with it - it should be able to stand on its own. Look here if there's anything you'd like to know or ask about.

Editando archivos de texto como root

A algunas personas les gusta tener la opción de "Editar como root" cuando hacen clic derecho en los archivos de texto. La manera de hacer esto en konqueror es crear un archivo con extensión .desktop (por ejemplo: kwrite.desktop) en la carpeta /usr/share/apps/konqueror/servicemenus/ con el siguiente código dentro:

[Desktop Entry]

[Desktop Action EditAsRoot]
Name=Edit as root
Name[es]=Editar como root
Exec=kdesu -u root -n --noignorebutton -c 'kwrite %U'


Indica el tipo de archivos en los que se aplicará esta entrada del menú. En este caso, todos los archivos de texto. Puedes abrir kcontrol y mirar en Componentes de KDE, asociación de archivos para ver lo que puedes añadir aquí. Por ejemplo, si quieres añadir los archivos .desktop (como el que estamos creando ahora), la linea quedaría así: ServiceTypes=text/*,application/x-desktop


Con esta línea, verás "Editar como root" directamente cuando hagas clic derecho. Sin esta linea, verás la opción bajo el submenú acciones.