En:Beginners Guide

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Revision as of 21:08, 8 February 2013 by Aposteeltje (Talk | contribs) (Visual walkthrough Booting process)

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This document will guide you through the process of booting and installing SabayonLinux.

Before installing, you are advised to read the Frequently Asked Questions: FAQ

If you're experiencing problems, the Wiki is an excellent resource to be consulted.

The IRC channel (https://www.sabayon.org/chat),

and the forums (https://forum.sabayon.org/) are also available if the answer cannot be found here.


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please bookmark this page, as the links mentioned in this guide, will lead you to other pages...

System Requirements

  • Live Environment - No 3D Desktop:
    • i686 Processor
    • at least 512 MB of RAM (1 GB suggested)
    • a 2D graphics card
    • a DDC capable Monitor
    • mouse and keyboard
  • Live Environment - 3D Desktop:
    • i686 Processor (starting from AMD K6 and Intel Pentium II)
    • at least 512 MB of RAM (1 GB suggested)
    • an OpenGL capable 3D graphics card (mostly NVIDIA, ATI, Intel, VIA)
    • a DDC capable Monitor
    • mouse and keyboard
  • Installation:
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Please note that the below Requirements can be a bit too low for some Desktop Environments.

A full KDE Desktop for example, CAN run with only 1 GB RAM, but you will most likely run out of memory during a session.

Especially when running programs, such as firefox or thunderbird. Please keep that in mind.
    • i686 Processor
    • at least 512 MB of RAM (1 GB suggested for decent eyecandy effects)
    • an OpenGL capable 3D graphics card (mostly NVIDIA, ATI, Intel, VIA)
    • 20 GB of free space, that is bare minimum DVD Install. 30+ GB is highly recommended.
    • 8 GB of free space for miniCD. 10+ GB is recommended
    • Internet connection (not mandatory but highly suggested)
    • a DDC capable Monitor
    • mouse and keyboard

The live CD/DVD

What Editions are available in Sabayon Linux?

Sabayon is all about choice. You have many flavors to choose from.

You can download them from the mirrors, here:

The following choices are the main releases available in 32Bit (x86) or 64Bit (amd64):

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"amd64" is also suitable for Intel based 64bit Processors
1. KDE
2. Gnome
3. LXDE
4. MATE
5. XFCE 
6. Enlightenment

All of the above mentioned Desktop Environments are fully featured.

7. CoreCDX
CoreCDX is a minimal install for those wishing to configure the system more to their liking,
(for more advanced users) in 32bit or 64bit., and uses the Fluxbox Window Manager.

burning / checking the .iso image

One of the most common problems with burning a Linux install CD/DVD is that people sometimes don't understand that an iso image file is not a normal file. You cannot just burn the iso to disc to and expect it to work. I repeat: you cannot simply put the iso file on a blank disk and expect it to work. In order to properly make a CD or DVD out of an iso image, you need special software. Instructions for Nero and Isorecorder are included; for other programs, see the manual for the software, or just give one of these a shot.

With Nero you just select file and burn image, then select the .iso file you want to burn. The software handles the rest.

If you're looking for a good, alternative freeware solution, you can download a free image burner.

isorecorder [1] Simply download and install the correct version for your version of windows, then right click on the .iso and tell it to burn.

checking the integrity of the burned disc

Many people know they can check if a downloaded ISO file is OK by comparing the md5sum of the ISO file against the md5sum posted on the SL mirrors. For example:

# md5sum -c SabayonLinux-x86_64-3.4f.iso.md5
SabayonLinux-x86_64-3.4f.iso: OK

cf. the contents of ftp://bo.mirror.garr.it/mirrors/sabayonlinux/SabayonLinux-x86_64-3.4f.iso.md5 which are: 645600788920443b372baae3544acffa SabayonLinux-x86_64-3.4f.iso

so the ISO I downloaded was good.

Remember - verify the MD5 sum for the version of Sabayon that you downloaded - they are all different. The MD5s can be found on the mirrors listed at: http://www.sabayonlinux.org/mirrors

But a different method is needed to verify the integrity of the LiveDVD/CD itself. You should select the verify written data checkbox in K3b before burning the DVD/CD, but if you forgot or still have doubts then the following method can be used to check the integrity of the burnt LiveDVD/CD:

If you only have Windows installed on your HDD, apparently you can use a Windows shareware application, see the following Web page for details: http://www.mepis.org/docs/en/index.php?title=Checking_the_integrity_of_a_Live_CD

A WARNING:

1. I have not checked if the method for Windows on the above-mentioned Web page actually works, so use it at your own risk.

Under Linux:

Insert the LiveDVD into the optical drive, let the disc spin up and then enter the following three commands:

md5sum /dev/cdrom | awk '{print $1}' > md5a.txt
md5sum ~/Sabayon_Linux_8_amd64_K.iso | awk '{print $1}' > md5b.txt
diff -qs md5a.txt md5b.txt

(Obviously change the path and/or the ISO file name to match your circumstances.)

If you get an error message while the md5sum is reading the disc, there must be something wrong either with the burn or with the optical drive itself.

If you get the message "Files md5a.txt and md5b.txt differ" then the burn was bad.

If you get the message "Files md5a.txt and md5b.txt are identical" then the burn was good.

Passwords on live CD/DVD

  • The root password:

no password is required: just press the Enter key.

  • The sabayonuser password:

no password is required: just press the Enter key.


  • For older releases (version 6 and earlier) the password for Root is "root" (without the quotes) and the password for Sabayonuser is "sabayonuser" (without the quotes).

The Booting process

The boot process of the liveCD/DVD should be pretty straight forwarded, as many other Linux Distrtibutions.

However, you could get into problems, when having hardware that isn't supported by default, for example.

Or having old hardware that the current drivers don't support.

When having a old NVidia card, and you've downloaded the latest ISO, chances are that it will not start the Window Manager/Desktop Environment, but rather present you with a black screen.

There is nothing wrong with the ISO, it is because "nvidia-drivers-304.64" or higher is installed by default.

You can bypass that by hitting ctrl-alt-f1, remove the nvidia-drivers, (nouveau is installed too), and restart xdm., as explained below:

Removing latest nvidia-drivers:

    # Press the "CTRL-ALT-F1" key combination.

"#" is just indicated that you have to be root, so do not include that with the actual commands...

# su
# equo remove nvidia-drivers --ask

Check that "x11-drivers/nvidia-drivers" got removed., nothing else... and confirm with "yes"

Restart XDM:

# /etc/init.d/xdm restart

For a overall view of which cards support what driver., please see: http://www.nvidia.com/object/IO_32667.html

If you wish to be guided through the boot process and the several options it offers, we have a visual walkthrough.

Please see: Visual_Tour:_Boot-menu_Sabayon_LiveCD/DVD

Workarounds for problematic Hardware, during the boot process are discussed here:

Sabayon_Linux#Boot_parameters_and_workarounds_for_problematic_Hardware

cheatcodes for ATI and nVidia

ATI

noddc res=1024x768 refresh=60 opengl=ati

nVidia

noddc res=1024x768 refresh=60 opengl=nvidia

To use the cheatcodes, hit F5 on the boot up screen of the livecd/dvd and add one of the lines above pending on your hardware

see: Visual_Tour:_Boot-menu_Sabayon_LiveCD/DVD


When you need to edit xorg.conf, or have to create it for special reasons, the following visual tour will show you how to edit Xorg.conf:

Visual_Tour:_Part_2_Editing_the_xorg.conf

Installing Sabayon

For a installation guide, step-by-step, please see: En:Introduction#Installation_Guide:_Step_by_Step

We also offer a visual walkthrough about installing Sabayon, please see: Visual_Tour:_Installing_Sabayon

Partitioning

When installing, Sabayon offers a standard partitioning scheme using LVM, and leaves Windows partitions untouched.

If you wish to manually partition, or add mountpoints, please see: HOWTO:_Manual_Partitioning_with_Sabayon_Linux

For GPT partitioning: HOWTO:_Install_Sabayon_with_GRUB2_and_GPT_on_a_New_System

Advice on the hostname:

HOWTO:_Advice_on_the_hostname_to_specify_when_installing_Sabayon_Linux

Dual boot with Windows

If you want to Dual boot with Windows, or first need to reduce the size of the existing partitions, please see: HOWTO:_Dual_boot_Sabayon_Linux_and_Windows

Install the Gentoo way

HOWTO:_Install_from_an_existing_Linux_system

FAQ

FAQ

Troubleshooting

boot parameters

En:Sabayon_Linux#Boot_parameters_and_workarounds_for_problematic_Hardware